Barometer on Basque Sovereignty
II. SURVEY · 2021/03
THE BAROMETER ON BASQUE
SOVEREIGNTY – SUMMARY
NAZIOMETROA aims to analyse the opinions and perceptions of the people of Basque Country / Euskal Herria*, on questions of sovereignty, self-government, independence, and matters interconnected with these.
This will take place on an ongoing basis: rather than a one-off measurement, NAZIOMETROA is envisaged as a recurring barometer that analyses trends in public opinion over time.
To facilitate understanding of the data collected in each survey, NAZIOMETROA publishes a brief summary of the answers considered most relevant, as well as the general description of each measurement.
In addition to this summary, the complete survey dossier, including graphics, technical data and sociological analysis, will also be supplied.
This information is available on the website (www.naziometroa.eus), and can be downloaded in full by registered users.
A summary of the six key findings taken from the second survey in March 2021 are set out below:
* On July 18th 2003, Euskaltzaindia, the Academy of the Basque Language approved a regulation declaring that the term Euskal Herria refers jointly to the provinces of Álava/Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa, Lapurdi, Nafarroa/Navarre (Lower and Upper) and Zuberoa/Soule.
The majority in favour of the Basque National Team, made up of players from the seven Basque provinces, competing in official international competitions.
Basque people believe that the Basque national football team (Euskal Selekzioa), made up of players from the three administrative territories, should be able to play in official international competitions (“yes” 64%). Those against were 21%.
The predominant opinion (72%) was that the players themselves should be able to decide which national team to play for: either with the Basque National Team (Euskal Selekzioa), or with the Spanish/French national teams. 15% of respondents were against this option.
Do you think that the Basque national football team (Euskal Selekzioa), made up of players from the three administrative territories (North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community, the Basque Autonomous Community, and the Autonomous Community of Navarre), should be able to play in official international competitions?
- Yes %63.5
- No %20.6
- Don't know %15.5
- Others %0.4
If the Basque/Navarrese players wished, should they have the right to decide whether to play for the Basque national team (Euskal Selekzioa) or for the Spanish/French national team?
- Yes %72.2
- No %14.5
- Don't know %12.8
- Others %0.5
Euskal Herria, the most voted term for the territory made up of the seven provinces
In the online survey, we asked for the name of the territory made up of the seven provinces. The most voted term for the territory as a whole was Euskal Herria (51%). This was followed by Euskadi 42%, País Vasco 32%, Pays Basque 18%.
Which name/or term do you prefer to use to describe this territorial area? (Multiple choice)
Navarrese respondents indicated a very clear wish to forge closer links between Navarre and the other territories.
We asked the people of Navarre their opinion on a number of aspects which could facilitate stronger ties between the three administrative bodies (i.e., the North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community and the Basque Autonomous Community).
Opinions were highly favourable in most cases. Closer ties were viewed particularly favourably in healthcare services (57%), as well as in economic affairs and education (55% and 54% respectively). Support for stronger cultural relations was 49%, and for the promotion of the Basque language 41%.
In the case of forging closer ties between the different administrative territories (with the North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community and the Basque Country Autonomous Community), how important are the following to you?
SYNTESIS (Absolutelly relevant + Very relevant)
Majority of the North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community consider that taxes on second homes in the Basque Country should be increased.
Almost three quarters (71%) regard housing as a problem in the North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community.
In the period of a year moreover, almost three quarters (74%) said that housing conditions (renting or buying) for inhabitants of the region have become more complicated, and a further 22% feel that they have remained the same.
Against this background, 59% consider that taxes on second homes in the Basque Country should be increased, 28% say they should be maintained, and 9% favour a reduction.
In the North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community, the issue of housing is :
- A big problem %71.1
- Medium problem %21.4
- Little problem %3.6
- It is not a problem %3.9
Do you feel that the conditions to provide housing for Basque citizens (for rent or purchase) within the period of one year, have been facilitated, maintained or made more difficult?
- Made more difficult %74.3
- Facilitated %3.6
- Maintained %22.2
Do you think that the taxes for the purchase of second homes should be increased, maintained or reduced in the North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community?
- Increased %59.1
- Maintained %27.6
- Reduced %9.2
- Don’t know %4.1
A clear majority in favour of the Basque institutions to be the ones negotiating and managing the Next Generation Project
When asked who should negotiate the funds corresponding to the Basque Autonomous Community and the Autonomous Community of Nafarroa, a clear majority was in favour of the respective autonomous government (66%).
As regards the management of the Next Generation project, the numbers differ slightly, but the trend remains the same. 66% believe that it should be managed by the Autonomous Communities of the Basque Country and Nafarroa.
Europe will allocate €140 billion to Spain to tackle the crisis caused by COVID19 through the Next Generation project. Who should negotiate the part corresponding to Community of Navarre /Basque Autonomous Community—the Navarrese/Basque Government or the Spanish Government?
- Basque/Navarrese gov. %65.9
- Spanish gov. %19.0
- Doesn't matter %15.1
The Navarrese/Basque Government has presented a series of projects for the Next Generation Fund. Would you prefer these projects to be managed directly with Brussels by the Navarrese/Basque Government itself, or through the Spanish Government?
- Basque/Navarrese gov. %61.2
- Spanish gov. %22.6
- Doesn't matter %16.2
The majority want to decide on the political future of their territory
In the three regions consulted, the majority answered in the affirmative: 72% consider that the Basque Autonomous Community should have this right, a similar percentage (71%) in the case of the Navarrese Autonomous Community, and 68% in that of the North Basque Country Regional Government (French Basque Country).
In your opinion, should the following geographical regions have the right to decide their political future?
Basque Autonomous Community
- Yes %71.7
- No %14.3
- Don't know %14.0
Autonomous Community of Navarre
- Yes %70.6
- No %15.3
- Don't know %14.1
North Basque Country Intermunicipal Community
- Yes %67.7
- No %16.9
- Don't know %15.4
Naziometroa 2 2021/03 Complete dossier-ENGL
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